Email filtering

Email filtering can be done through Sieve. With Sieve, the filter rules are stored and applied on the mailserver. This is an advantage over client-side filtering, where emails are only filtered if you read them with a specific email client.

You have several options to manage your filters. You can use

We recommend to use our webmailer in the first place. Especially vacation messages can be defined in a very comfortable way through the webmailer. See Email/Vacation for further details. However, the Sieve interface of the webmailer only allows to define rather simple filter rules. For advanced rules, you have to use the Thunderbird plugin or the command line tool.

/!\ Do not switch back to the webmailer sieve management plugin after you have modified your filter file with another tool. The plugin uses own markers inside the sieve configuration file and does not recognize all available sieve filters. If you switch back to the webmailer the results of modifications are unpredictable.

The following sections will explain how you get started to manage your email filters with these tools. Choose the one that fits you best.

Manage email filtering rules with the webmailer

  1. Login on https://email.ee.ethz.ch/.

  2. Choose Settings → Filters.

    • filter1.png

  3. In the Filter sets list, you will see the entry isgdefault. You may create other filter sets, but please note that only one filter set can be active at a time. We thus recommend that you select and use the isgdefault filter set through the webmailer.

  4. In the Filters you can see the two default filters already configured in the isgdefault filter set:

    • Deduplicate (enabled) : discards duplicates of an already received mail

    • Vacation (disabled) : vacation message template

  5. In the Filters column you may now create new filters with the + Symbol at the bottom of the column. Or you can select existing filters and adapt them or enable/disable/delete them through the sprockets symbol. The filter form is self explanatory. You can create or change your filters with drop-down lists and text fields. To edit the Vacation filter it is best to do that through Settings → Vacation.

    • filter2.png

      In the first section For incoming mail you define which emails are affected by this rule. With the + Symbol on the right you can add additional conditions. And on the top you define how these conditions are concatenated:

      Option

      Description

      Match all of the following rules

      All conditions have to be fulfilled before the action below is applied

      Match any of the following rules

      At least one condition has to be fulfilled before the action below is applied

      All messages

      The action is applied to any email you receive

      Here are some more detailed explanations of expressions you might come across when defining new filter rules:

      Comparator

      Description

      default

      case insensitive comparison

      strict (octet)

      case sensitive comparison

      case insensitive (ascii-casemap)

      case insensitive comparison

      numeric (ascii-numeric)

      comparison of numbers

      The header field specifies, against which header field the comparison should be applied. This allows you to e.g. compare a "Received" field for its date.

      If there are multiple header fields of the type you specified, you can select the one that should be used with the index value.

      Modifier

      Description

      none

      Test against all header fields

      address

      Test against all header fields that contain addresses, i.e. From, To, Cc, Bcc, Sender, Resent-From, Resent-To, ...

      envelope

      Test against email envelope (don't use this one unless you are familiar with email envelopes)

      If a address or envelope modifier is in effect, you may choose, against which part of the email address the comparison should be done:

      Type

      Description

      all

      Compare against the whole email address user@domain.org

      domain

      Only compare against the domain part user@domain.org

      local part

      Only compare against the local part user@domain.org

      user

      Compare against the user part of the local part user+organisation@domain.org

      detail

      Compare against the detail part of the local part user+organisation@domain.org

      When one of your rules matches against the body of an email message, you can choose, how the email body should be transformed prior to the comparison:

      Modifier

      Description

      text

      Compare against all text elemenst of an email body (i.e. plain text and html elements). Same as content type → text.

      undecoded (raw)

      Compare against the unmodified email body. Includes MIME part information. Don't use it unless you know what you are doing.

      content type

      Compare against all MIME parts of the message with the given content type. You would most often use content types like text, text/plain or text/html.


      After pressing the save-button in the picture above you have added a new filter Moveto_1 to the isgdefault filter set and the output screen of Settings → Filters now is:

    • filter3.png

Manage email filtering rules with Mozilla Thunderbird

Setup

  1. First of all you need to install the Sieve plugin. Unfortunately, the version in the official Thunderbird plugin archive is too old (version 0.2.2). So you need to download the newest plugin directly from the https://github.com/thsmi/sieve/releases/latest. Once you have downloaded the xpi-file, you can install it in Thunderbird through Add-ons Manager → Install Add-on From File...

  2. Enable Sieve filtering by right-clicking on you D-ITET mailfolder and choosing Settings -> Sieve Settings (see screenshot below).


    • thunder1.png

  3. Under the Sieve Settings menu entry, enable Sieve with Yes, manage Sieve scripts for this account and then select Change Settings...
    Please make sure that you set at least the following options:

  4. In the Server tab:

    • Server Name → IMAP Server: imap.ee.ethz.ch

    • Server Port → 4190 (Default)

  5. In the Security tab:

    • Connection Security → Force TLS

    • Authentication → IMAP Username and Password

  6. Select OK to save the settings and to enable Sieve management from Thunderbird.

Edit Sieve Filters

  1. In the Tools pull-down menu, select Sieve Message Filters...

  2. The interface is self-explanatory. You see your default and activated filter script isgdefault in the list of the "Serverside Sieve mailfilters". Click the button Edit to edit the default file isgdefault or create a new one and activate it after editing. No rule creation wizzard is available so the offered syntax check function is very helpfull.

KDE desktop program "Sieve Editor"

You find this editor under Applications -> Internet -> Sieve Editor on our managed linux clients. After entering the imap server and your credentials and double-clicking the filter file to edit you get the following screen:

sieveeditor1.png

The user interface is self-explanatory and in comparison to the thunderbird plugin there are some templates listed in the middle which can be dragged and dropped to the file on the left.

sieve-connect on command line

The command line tool sieve-connect can be used to manage your sieve filters in a terminal. To get a sieve shell enter:

sieve-connect imap.ee.ethz.ch
Sieve/IMAP Password: 
ReadLine support enabled.
> help

With the commands 'list', 'edit' or 'download' and 'upload' you can now manage your sieve filter file(s).

Sieve filtering examples

Here is a Sieve tutorial to get you started: https://tty1.net/blog/2011/sieve-tutorial_en.html

Putting specific mails into folders

To put all Mails coming from your mother <mom@myhome.net> into the folder private you can use the following sieve code:

require ["fileinto"];
if address :is "from" "mom@myhome.net"
{
   fileinto "INBOX/private";
}

Forwarding all mail

With procmail you have been able to forward all your mails with the .forward file in your home directory. With sieve this forwarding is done by the following rule:

redirect "peter.muster@gmail.com";

A forward of all mails with an additional local copy is done with:

redirect "peter.muster@gmail.com"; keep;

Header based filtering

Filters can be based on the whole content of the envelope email header. The following example shows a filter looking for the List-Id entry in the header normally present in received mails from a subscribed mailing list:

require ["fileinto", "envelope"];
if header :contains "List-Id" "<debian-security-announce.lists.debian.org>" {
  fileinto "INBOX/Debian Security";
}

Program execution

The execution of external tools is not supported in Sieve. What was done earlier with formail can mostly also be done with sieve itself.

Catchall filter

A catchall email domain somename.ethz.ch delivers emails to e.g. <team@somename.ethz.ch> to the somename email account. It is the responsibility of that accounts owner to redirect that message to the right recipients (depending on the To address).

The following sieve settings in the somename email account will redirect messages to <team@somename.ethz.ch> to the users "user1", "user2", and "user3."

if address :is ["to", "cc", "bcc"] "team@somename.ethz.ch" {
    redirect "user1@ee.ethz.ch";
    redirect "user2@ee.ethz.ch";
    redirect "user3@ee.ethz.ch";
}

Subaddress Filtering

Most mail servers allow the use of subaddressing in the local (left) part of an email address. An email address with subaddressing looks like this:

pmuster+private@ee.ethz.ch

All mails adressed to pmuster+<subaddress tag>@ee.ethz.ch are delivered to user pmuster. This user can now process the incoming mail in different ways depending on the subaddress-tag. A typical rule based on the subaddress tag looks like this:

require ["envelope", "subaddress", "fileinto"];
# Move mails addressed to "pmuster+private" to Private folder
if envelope :detail "to" "private" {
          fileinto "INBOX/Private";
}

Deduplicate filter

With procmail it was possible to delete duplicate emails (i.e. if you get exactly the same email through different ways) with the following rule in .procmailrc:

:0 Wh: $HOME/.procmail_msgid_lock
| formail -D 8192 $HOME/.procmail_msgid_cache

With Sieve you can get the same result with the following rule:

require ["duplicate"];

if duplicate {
    discard;
}

Header manipulations

Email headers can be edited through the editheader plugin. It's possible to modify, add or delete header entrys. The following example replaces the subject for emails sent to team@somename.ethz.ch with [TEAMINFO] Original subject.

require ["editheader", "variables"];

if address :is ["to", "bcc", "cc"] "team@somename.ethz.ch" {
    if header :matches "Subject" "*" {
        set "subject" "${1}";
        deleteheader :index 1 "Subject";
        addheader :last "Subject" "[TEAMINFO] ${subject}";
    }
}

Email/Filtering (last edited 2018-11-22 14:51:13 by maegger)